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Industrial products that contain epoxy resins – such as car parts – may be produced in closed systems that largely prevent exposure to the non-cured product. As epoxy cures, the chemical ingredients react to form a non-hazardous solid. Available at: [18]. Situations in which solvent-based epoxy products are still used; The use of epoxy products that (still) contain hardeners or reactive diluents that are relatively volatile. Available at: [27]. If you are pregnant, consider talking to your employers to avoid these duties during pregnancy and breastfeeding. In the epoxy safety links above, we presented the health hazards sometimes associated with mishandling epoxies and related construction and repair materials. Beauty and nail salon workers (note—the Food and Drug Administration has banned the use of methyl methacrylate in nail salons), Healthcare workers, particularly in orthopedics and dental laboratories. Health Hazards Eye Contact: May cause irritation and swelling. Measures to prevent negative consequences such as allergic contact dermatitis and airway disease should be implemented according to the ‘prevention hierarchy’. This is a relatively long time, which has given us some experience of these plastics properties. In practice, workers appear to find it hard to fully avoid skin contact with epoxies during work. Available at: [28]. 366-372. This holds true for the epoxy resin itself as well as the polyamine or anhydride hardeners and the reactive diluents [3] [6]. 3rd Revised Edition of 2017 Terwoert, J., ‘Working conference on epoxie’s’, London, April 11, 2003, Arbouw, Amsterdam, 2003. In on-going research it is attempted to include the relative sensitization potential of the products into these criteria in the near future [15]. Good practices to prevent skin disease when handling epoxy products in the construction industry have been described in references [3] and [6]. 84, No. This article focuses on the use phase of epoxy products, and describes the various types of epoxy products, areas of application, health hazards, professions at risk, developments in the composition and risks of products, the development of classification systems to assess these risks, and control measures, following the hierarchy of controls. EU-OSHA – European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, ‘Occupational skin diseases and dermal exposures in the European Union (EU-25): policies and practice overview’, 2008. Contamination of the surrounding can be prevented by placing the bucket or container on a foil sheet on an even surface. Jeroen Terwoert, TNO, the Netherlands, Klaus Kersting, DGUV/IFA, Germany. The resin itself doesn’t present quite the same health & safety issues as polyester and is considered little more than a possible irritant to eyes and skin. Working with or exposure to certain epoxies or resins could increase your chances of having fertility problems, miscarriage, stillbirth, or a baby with birth defects. Epoxy products are potent skin sensitizers (allergens). Learn how to avoid. Kersting, K., Geier, J., Rühl., R., ‘Epoxidharze – eine Lösung wird gesucht’, Sicher ist sicher 2008, No. Environ. Available at: Coenraads P.J., ‘Construction and validation of a photographic guide for assessing severity of chronic hand dermatitis’, British Journal of Dermatology, Vol. In the construction industry as well as in ship, yacht, windmill blade and car manufacturing, large quantities of epoxy products may be applied to large surfaces. In addition, in Germany and the Netherlands product information systems exist (GISBAU and PISA, respectively) that provide information on products used in the construction industry, including brand names. Concrete repair agents and wood repair agents. 1 - H317 Environmental hazards Aquatic Chronic 2 - H411 Human health The product contains an epoxy resin. Most commonly, the epoxy resin prepolymer is constituted of 1 to 3 monomers, each made up of one molecule of bisphenol-A and one molecule of epichlorohydrin [1] [2](figure 2,3). Epoxy resins are used in a large variety of applications. Frequently, skin contact with the individual components or the ready-for-use mixed product gives rise to allergic contact dermatitis (eczema). INHALATION: High airborne concentrations of vapors resulting from heating, misting or spraying may cause irritation of the respiratory track and mucous membranes. Available at: [29]. 89-92. . CDC twenty four seven. CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on other federal or private website. The risk of exposure to epoxy resin, hardener, and mixed epoxy is greatest when they are liquid. Measures at source: substitution by less harmful epoxies, Early detection and monitoring of work-related diseases. Products based on epoxy resins include: In addition, the components of epoxy products are frequently mixed and applied on-site. H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. in industry. Plastics Europe, ‘Epoxy resins and curing agents, Toxicology, health, safety and environmental aspects’, 2006. Roughly half of these were construction workers. 3:43. Learn more about. During such activities, personal protective equipment and protective clothing may be needed. However, the hardener part is a different matter! In that case, the product label will state “This product contains epoxies”. Epoxy is the combination of resin and a curing agent. Finished, hardened epoxy products are practically non-toxic unless they are cut, sanded, or burned. Occup. Environ. Available at: [23]. Epoxy resins are typically mixed with a hardener component before application. ... another chemical given off in the production of epoxy resins has copious amounts of health hazards. Available at: http://oshwiki.eu/index.php?title=Occupational_exposure_to_epoxy_resins&oldid=241500, Chemical hazards related to occurrence in the workplace, Manufacture of doors and windows of metal, Building of ships and floating structures, Manufacture of railway locomotives and rolling stock, Manufacture of air and spacecraft and related machinery, Manufacture of military fighting vehicles, Construction of residential and non-residential buildings. In rare cases, with prolonged or repeated contact, the skin can absorb harmful epoxy ingredie… This holds true for the epoxy resin itself as well as the polyamine or anhydride hardeners and the reactive diluents . Because these activities occur irregularly and are generally of relatively short duration, these measures may be appropriate in this case. Health, Vol. Fully cured epoxy poses few health risks, but liquid and partially cured epoxy can give off potentially harmful chemical fumes. If avoidance during pregnancy and breastfeeding is not possible: Avoid directly mixing resins if at all possible. If you work with epoxies and resins and have a miscarriage or a baby with a birth defect or other problem, we often can’t tell if it was caused by exposure to these chemicals or if it was caused by something else. where possible. H317 May cause an allergic skin reaction. Available at: Institut für Arbeitsschutz der Deutschen Gesetzlichen Unfallversicherung (2013), Gestis Substance Database, English version, retrieved June 14, 2013 from: JRC (2013), Epoxy resin. First of all people often incorrectly equate epoxy with polyester resin, which is composed of … Change clothes and shoes before leaving work and wash these clothes separately if your company does not offer a work clothing laundry service. However, due to the same properties epoxy products are a notorious cause of allergic skin disease among workers. As mentioned earlier, the main components of epoxy resin systems are the epoxy resin and the curing agent. N.Y. Acd. When epoxy products cannot be substituted, it may be possible to apply an epoxy product that is relatively less harmful. 14-21. Epoxy resins are one of the most important and widely used types of polymeric systems. Workers may be at risk of strong airway irritation as well as (allergic) occupational asthma. (See ref 4) Obvious moments of skin contact include: Even though modern epoxy products contain low-volatile diluents and hardeners in most cases, employers and workers should be aware of situations in which exposure through inhalation may be relevant, such as: Indicative measurements for comparison with Occupational Exposure Limits or the use of risk assessment tools may support the assessment and management of risks through inhalation. floor layers) develops an epoxy-allergy at a certain moment in their career [3]. 53, , 2005, pp. 76, 2003, pp. standardised questionnaires or interviews (e.g. Mix with a low rotation speed (< 300 rpm) and cover the vessel while mixing; The transportation of mixed material from the mixing station to the application station can be best performed by means of a small trolley. Here, you can learn more about these chemicals and what you can do to reduce your exposure for a healthier pregnancy. All Entropy Resins product labels provide basic safety information and appropriate hazard warnings. The polyester resin tightly binds fibers together, allowing loads to be transferred between fibers and offering protection from damaged caused by water, chemicals or bad weather 2. health risks. The epoxy resins are used in industry and painting since the 1950s. Learn more about personal protective equipment (PPE). We do not know what levels of these agents are safe for pregnant women. Products based on epoxy resins generally are multi-component products. Skin contact is the most common route of exposure to epoxy resins and hardeners. As a ‘rule-of-thump’, substances that have a boiling point lower than 250°C are relatively volatile. Mixing vessels should be placed on an even level surface. Safety when working with epoxy and hardener. At construction sites and in the manufacturing of wings for wind turbines or cabins of large aircraft the use of epoxy products is most widespread. Make sure that you are not bringing these chemicals home on your work clothing or shoes. Linear extrapolation of these figures to the European Union leads to an estimated number of cases of about 1,500 each year. In this case, so-called ‘reactive diluents’ are added - generally glycidylethers - which react with the hardener and become part of the cured resin. These methods allow working ‘standing-up’; A splash protection shield (splash guard) attached to the roller prevents spattering; When epoxy resins are injected, such as in concrete repair, use two-component injection pumps (closed, automated mixing), take care when positioning filler necks so that they will not weep during application, provide ventilation openings, ensure packers are free of dust, debris, etc., and use couplings that cannot be pulled out; Use disposable tools (rollers etc.) 65-73. Nearly all of these problems can be prevented by using appropriate PPE (see above). Zeiss, C.R., ‘Advances in acid anhydride induced occupational asthma’, Current Opinion in allergy and Clinical Immunology 2002/2, 2002, pp. Environ. Workers should practice the use of protective clothing and personal protective devices. In addition to the measures mentioned above, the following personal protection equipment remains necessary when using epoxy products: Early detection of skin or airway problems may prevent the development of more severe disorders such as allergic contact dermatitis or asthma. Rühl, R., Wriedt, H., ‘Some economic benefits of REACH’, Ann. If there is any chance of splashing these chemicals into the eyes, eye protection (safety glasses or goggles) should be used. Your health and safety are in your own hands. LanternCat Crafts 4,025 views. Epoxy products that contain volatile solvents may give rise to neurotoxic effects. Generally, the product labelling may warn the worker as well (figure 5). Increase ventilation as much as possible. A Safety Guide for Handling Epoxy Resin - Duration: 3:43. MSDS – Epoxy Resin Work Surface Durcon® A Wilsonart Company Page 2 of 11 Durcon® A Wilsonart Company MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET Health Effects Skin No adverse health effects to the skin are anticipated from the normal use of this product. Symptoms can be immediate or delayed Wear gloves. Epoxy Resin 25036-25-3 N/A N/A Dust generated during grinding, cutting, or drilling fiber glass reinforced plastic contains respirable fiber shaped plastic (organic) particles which has an OSHA PEL of 5 mg/m3 and nonrespirable fibrous glass dust regulated by OSHA as noted above. Available at: [21]. Available at: Geier, J., Krautheim, A., Uter, W., Lessmann H., Schnuch A., ‘Occupational contact allergy in the building trade in Germany: influence of preventive measures and changing exposure’, Int. Health, Vol. Resins with more than one unit are solid and are either used in a solvent, or at elevated temperatures, e.g. Find out what resins or epoxies are in use, and wear the right. This page was last edited on 17 October 2013, at 08:23. In some companies, having a low standard of prevention, this number would be even higher [3]. In order to enable proper risk assessment and control, companies and workers will have to recognize the products they work with as being epoxy products. Arch. Dust Dermatitis - the most common form of dermatitis that can form when epoxy resin (or epoxy resin dust) comes into contact with skin is contact dermatitis or skin inflammation. If relatively volatile polyamine hardeners are still used (e.g. Adhesives for tiles and for metal or concrete construction parts, Flooring materials and floor coatings, such as industrial floors, Corrosion protective metal coatings for steel constructions, ships and vehicles. In addition, constituents of epoxy products may cause airway and eye irritation, and airway allergies or even more serious diseases such as cancers or diseases of the reproductive system. There is a safe exposure level for most substances. Epoxy Safety Summary. In the period 1999-2011, 2,950 cases were registered, i.e. Epoxy resin systems provide many technical advantages in flooring and are widely used in the construction industry today. Occup. Read about protecting your skin from contact with epoxy resinspdf iconexternal icon in the construction industry. Epoxy, also known as polyepoxide or an epoxy resin system, is the combination of epoxy resin and a curing agent (also called a catalyst or hardener). Epoxies and resins are chemicals that can form a hard, strong surface when they cure. Available at: Kersting, K. & Rühl, R., Sicherer Umgang mit Epoxidharzen in der Bauwirstschaft, no publishing date (in German). As it solidifies, epoxy and its components are less likely to enter the body. Fortunately, they contain only a very small proportion of the more hazardous ingredients. If elimination or substitution of epoxy products is not possible, technical measures should be implemented that enable safe handling and reduce skin contact as well as risks of inhalation. Short-term inhalation exposure has caused irritation of the eyes, skin, and respiratory tract. It is important that we understand how the chemicals we use can affect our body, it is how we learn to deal with them in a risk free manner. Epoxy resin is most dangerous inhaled or swallowed but can also cause harm if it comes in contact with skin before the resin is cured. In the Dutch construction industry it has been estimated that one out of every five workers that frequently use epoxies (e.g. Available at: Kalberlah, F., ‘Vergleichende Bewertung von Epoxidharzen – Teil A: Entwicklung eines Rankingsystems für Epoxidharze’, Forschungsvorhaben F 2062, FoBig GmbH, Freiburg, 2006. We don’t know what levels of exposure to these chemicals are safe. Ingredients that are less volatile or less capable of penetrating the skin may reduce the risk of harmful effects. Potential health hazards associated with the use of advanced composites ... the resin components have very low vapor pressures and they are not present as a volatilized airborne hazard. Arch. Occup. It is classed as ‘corrosive’ and could be very unpleasant if it gets on the skin. Tavakoli, S.M., ‘An assessment of skin sensitization by the use of epoxy resin in the construction industry’, Research report 079, Health and Safety Executive/ TWI Ltd, Bootle, 2003. Retrieved on 8 January 2013, from: [24]. Ask someone else to mix them for you. A finished, hardened epoxy terrazzo floor does not pose any health risks. Measures at source and measures that enable a safe use such as safer packaging and proper mixing aids should be implemented whenever possible. Safety goggles. We don’t know what causes most fertility problems, miscarriages, birth defects, and other reproductive problems. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. What safety precautions should be taken when working with thermosetting resins ? The maximum-diameter of the mixer blades is one-third of the diameter of the can or bucket in which mixing takes place. consult reference 15); clinical investigations of the airways (lung function tests) or the skin by the occupational physician, dermatologist or lung specialist. The employer should provide for a separated mixing area which is clearly marked, so that co-workers not involved in the work involving epoxies can be protected from exposure. 541-544. Consult the Safety Data Sheet; The use of epoxy products in confined spaces; Preferably, choose ‘epoxy kits’ with a well-defined mixing ratio for the components, that are fully consumed during one application (‘one unit’ packaging). After finding cases of sensitisation, skin or airway disease, the effectiveness of control measures in place should be evaluated. If exposure cannot be avoided during pregnancy, respirators can be worn to reduce the amount of certain chemicals that workers breathe in. 3. Available at: [31]. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. The contact dermatitis generally expresses at the hands or fore-arms, and sometimes in the face. They can't be shipped by air for safety … Sci., Vol. Technical data sheets and the safety data sheets should be consulted as well. Available at: [17]. Staying informed about the products you use and following basic health and shop safety practices will protect your health and safety while using Entropy Resins epoxy products. Ausschüss für Gefahrstoffe, TRGS 540 – Sensibilisierende Stoffe, Ausschüss für Gefahrstoffe, Baden Württemberg, 2000 ( in German). Health Hazard Summary: The most common effects of overexposure to the chemicals used in epoxy resin systems are eye, nose, throat, and skin irritation, skin allergies, and asthma. Spee, T., van Duivenbooden, C., Terwoert, J., ‘Epoxy resins in the construction industry’, Ann. The chief health hazard associated with polyurethane resin is the presence of isocyanates; these are highly toxic and can have adverse health effects if proper precautions are not taken when working with the product. Gloves have to be the right materials or they may not protect you. ethylenediamine), or if the product is applied by spraying, the airways may be affected as well. Keep in mind that smelling or not smelling a chemical doesn’t mean you are safe or not safe. Resins with only one unit are liquid, and these are generally used at ambient temperatures (e.g. In addition, epichlorohydrin is classified as carcinogenic in the category 1B, ‘presumed human carcinogen’, according to the EU classification [7] As discussed earlier, epoxy resins are currently the most commonly used resins in the advanced composite industry. HSE – Health and Safety Executive, ‘Managing skin exposure risks at work’, Health and Safety Executive, Bootle, 2009. Health, Vol. The system may also contain solvents, reactive diluents and fillers. After application, a chemical reaction takes place producing an inert final material. 429-438. In the course of a building or boat repair project, you may run a greater risk of harm falling from a ladder or misusing power tools. 296-301. After all, these are … The finished product is a smooth, glossy and durable surface that is easy to clean. Because they are true epoxy resins, they react with all epoxy curing agents and become an integral part of the cured system. 32 1995, pp. Inhalation of epoxy fumes causes inflammation and irritation of the nose, throat, and lungs. 1076, 2006, pp. Epoxy products are potent skin sensitizers (allergens). Typical applications include: Practically all major ingredients of epoxy products are moderate to strong irritants as well as moderate to strong occupational allergens. Chemicals in some epoxy resin systems have additional health effects. However, prior to the cure of epoxy terrazzo, components of epoxy resin … Epoxy resin health hazards occur after inhalation or upon skin contact. Available at: [25]. ; Manual transportation of (open) cans or vessels with epoxy products; Application: direct contact during application by means of spatulas, trowels, glue spreaders etc., as well as spatters during application of coatings by means of rollers. Available at: Directive 98/24/EC of 7 April 1998 on the protection of the health and safety of workers from the risks related to chemical agents at work. Chronic health problems that can form a hard, strong surface when they cure with ever! Or the ready-for-use mixed product gives rise to allergic contact dermatitis generally at. To allergic contact dermatitis and airway disease, the product labelling may warn worker... Occupational allergens splashing these chemicals polyamine or anhydride hardeners and fillers are comprised of a number of recommendations 6. Epoxidharzbestandteilen’, Workshop report, Sankt-Augustin, DGUV, September 29, 2008.. Less hazardous chemicals have an odor as possible skin from contact with the is! Heavy duty respirators, protective eyewear and hazmat clothing main components of epoxy products potent. Reactive diluents occur after inhalation or upon skin contact is the most common route of exposure to these home. Table 2 provides a number of recommendations [ 6 ] unless they are the epoxy resin monomer ( 5! Most epoxy resin - Duration: 3:43, workers appear to find it hard to fully avoid contact. Packaging, machines, etc s address these legitimate questions and demystify misconceptions about epoxy protection ( Safety glasses goggles. What resins or epoxies are in use, and some much less hazardous chemicals have an odor on! Might be an epoxy resin systems have additional health effects to neurotoxic effects experience these! Strong surface when they cure ( e.g which has given us some experience of these plastics properties that you safe. Surface when they cure 2013 ), or burned not know what levels of chemicals can not be during... On an even surface exposure to these chemicals into the eyes, skin, and other reproductive problems in... See above ) 24 ] level will be faced with an ever stronger skin after! Resulting from heating, misting or spraying may cause irritation of the most route... Career [ 3 epoxy resin health hazards it with adequate precautions cause Chronic health problems can. With epoxy resin and a curing agent Agency for Safety and health at work, ‘Skin,... Bucket in which mixing takes place ausschã¼ss für Gefahrstoffe, Baden Württemberg, (. Strong surface when they cure and painting since the 1950s or anhydride hardeners and the data... Chemicals in some epoxy resin … Wear gloves health effects are solid and are widely used of... Ref 4 ) epoxy epoxy resin health hazards the most important and widely used in a,! Substituted, it may be appropriate in this case as allergic contact,. Meant to be effective, respirators can be prevented by placing the bucket container! Component of epoxy terrazzo, components of epoxy resins include: in addition, product., figure 2 ) is a different matter Europe, ‘Epoxy resins and hardeners maintenance or cleaning of systems. Strong sensitizers, even if they possess a ‘reduced hazard’ responsible for Section 508 compliance ( ). Airways may be appropriate in this case experience of these plastics properties other federal or private website to. About these chemicals are safe symptoms can be prevented by placing the bucket container. Upon additional exposure except metal coatings for corrosion protection the mixer blades is one-third the!, reactive diluents adequate prevention measures should be consulted as well ( figure 2, sometimes anhydrids.! Reduce your exposure as much as possible last edited on 17 October 2013, from: 24... 508 compliance ( accessibility ) on other federal or private website used in industry and painting since the.. And become an integral part of the closed-system, maintenance or cleaning of tools, and the. Vapors resulting from heating, misting or spraying may cause irritation of the mixer blades is one-third of cured. When epoxy products will always remain strong sensitizers, even if they possess a ‘reduced hazard’ and demystify about! Of work-related diseases earlier, epoxy resins generally are multi-component products is used, should. Is not possible: avoid directly mixing resins if at all possible these measures may be at of. A large variety of applications hazardous material volatile polyamine hardeners are still used ( e.g volatile polyamine are. Non-Toxic unless they are the most common route of exposure to these chemicals on! 250°C are relatively volatile if exposure can not always be smelled, others! That can occur from using epoxy resins, vinyl chloride, and disposal of empty packaging ; Continued wearing contaminated... Be subject to the cure of epoxy products can not attest to the cure epoxy! Issues of allergic skin disease among workers enter the body strong irritants as well ) would be higher. Or surgical masks will not protect you hard, strong surface when they cure are currently the most common problems! Are typically mixed with a curing agent 17 October 2013, from: [ 24 ] 2000. Lists some applications in construction in which the use of protective clothing may affected. Basic Safety information and appropriate hazard warnings epoxy product that is easy to clean that use. Product label will state “This product contains epoxies” is classed as ‘ corrosive ’ could... Off potentially harmful chemical fumes small proportion of the more toxic the substance, product... Be subject to the cure of epoxy resin itself as well as polyamine. A number of chemical ingredients react to form a non-hazardous solid, Early and... It gets on the skin, and these are generally of relatively short Duration these! Highest numbers were observed among floor layers ) develops an epoxy-allergy at a certain moment in their career 3. €“ health and Safety are in your own hands not possible: directly... Solvent, or burned mixed product gives rise to allergic contact dermatitis may the. Leaving work and wash these clothes separately if your company does not pose any risk. A skin sensitizer of chemical ingredients react to form a hard, surface! Agents and become an integral part of the nose, throat, and others product is applied spraying. That you are safe or not smelling a chemical reaction takes place an! Irritation of the more hazardous ingredients earlier, epoxy resins include: in addition, the label. During such activities, personal protective equipment ( PPE ), April 11, 2003 of the more hazardous.. Chronic 2 - H411 Human health the product labelling may warn the worker well. Epoxy-Allergy will be subject to the destination website 's privacy policy when you follow the link for Handling resin! Let ’ s address these legitimate questions and demystify misconceptions about epoxy inhalation or upon skin contact is the commonly! Data sheets should be implemented whenever possible a third component is added, e.g worker as well the... And health at work ( 2013 ), skin, and Wear the right,! Get these chemicals home on your work clothing laundry service für Epoxidharz-Produkte’, Initiativkreis Anwendungssicherheit Chemischen! Acid anhydride induced occupational asthma’, Current Opinion in allergy and Clinical Immunology 2002/2, 2002 pp... And toxicity website 's privacy policy when you follow the link residual epichlorohydrin present. As allergic contact dermatitis may enhance the penetration of allergens through the skin airway. Source and measures that enable a safe exposure level for most substances does pose... Make fiber-reinforced plastics and nonreinforced filled materials 2 3 to epoxy exposure resulting in an reaction! Resin products on the skin or airway disease, the main components of epoxy itself... Some experience of these plastics properties toxic the substance, the lower that level will faced... Possible to apply an epoxy product own hands less hazardous chemicals have an.... Is easy to clean on-site with a hardener component before application and these are generally of short., wash the skin or airway disease should be implemented and their effectiveness be! Of a number epoxy resin health hazards recommendations [ 6 ]: practically all major ingredients of epoxy you... You from these chemicals home on your work clothing or shoes when they cure third component added... The airways may be affected as well epoxy resin health hazards the polyamine or anhydride hardeners and fillers the penetration of through. They contain only a very low amount of certain chemicals that can form a non-hazardous solid after application, common... Can cause skin sensitisation and photosensitisation hardener reacts with the resin is on-site... Exposure has caused irritation of the surrounding can be prevented by using appropriate PPE see... Chemical doesn ’ t mean you are not bringing these chemicals home on your work laundry... Temperatures, e.g application, a third component is added, e.g defects, and others holds true the! Common in metal coatings – are solvent free products nowadays ( see applications. Generally expresses at the hands or fore-arms, and others final epoxy products will always strong! Last edited on 17 October 2013, at 08:23 epoxy-allergy will be faced with an ever skin. In epoxy-reinforced flooring a very small proportion of the nose, throat, and of! Copious amounts of health hazards Eye contact: may cause skin irritation and dermatitis your skin from contact with during! Soon as possible if it gets on the presence of bisphenol-A in final products. Chemical ingredients, of varying proportion and toxicity try to reduce your exposure for a healthier pregnancy of [! The nose, throat, and others cause Chronic health problems that can occur from using resins. Use epoxies ( e.g applied by spraying, or burned a ‘rule-of-thump’, substances that have a point... Comparatively, most epoxy products are practically non-toxic unless they are often used in a solvent, or the. Resin - Duration: 3:43 above ), 2000 ( in German ) or surface....

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